Situational Leadership

A Situational Leadership approach is sociological. Leadership is a function of the whole situation. Certain situations require certain types of action. The leader is the instrumental factor through which situations are brought to solutions. The situation is fundamental. Skills and abilities of all kinds have a functional relationship to the needs of the situation (Murphy, 1941). Situational Leadership Theory has evolved from earlier leadership models based on two concepts of leadership behavior. One Task behavior, the extent to which a leader communicates and explains what each subordinate is to do, how, and when. Two, Relationship behavior is the extent the leader engages in communication through socioemotional support and facilitation. The theory is based on the connection between the amount of direction a leader gives, and the amount of socioemotional support they provide, and the level of maturity of followers (Gates, 1976).

Maturity is defined as the capacity to set high but attainable goals, the willingness and ability to take on responsibility and education or experience of individuals or groups. People have different levels of maturity, depending on the task or objective. Situational Leadership Theory focuses on the appropriateness or effectiveness of leadership styles according to the task and relevant maturity of followers. The two concepts of leadership are divided into four leadership styles. The most effective leadership style is the one that fits the situation. The goal is to make leaders more effective in choosing a style that will be the most efficient depending on situational factors (Gates, 1976).

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Situational Leadership Chart